The 'any2any' concept grew out of research in electronic platforms (Web-based Net-enabled e-Platforms) that model a true e-Business-Process space. A marketspace can capture the true spirit of a market - unlike that of purely a marketplace where transactions are not related. Business-space conveys further the dynamicity of doing business extends beyond the marketspace. Simply, the interaction of any business partner to any business partner is necessitated in e-Business space.

The nature of research of Any2Any Technologies, Inc. will be trueful to the main theme of any-2-any, or any2any.

Work-in-progress papers  

A Bit of History

This new word 'any2any' has been surfacing on the Web. We are not able to provide a timeline at this time. We will list them out as they appear below (from a perspective on July 2004).

  •, a company that develops "software for Wireless, Embedded & Distributed Systems, uses the any2any term in the product JCSP. This is a company based in United Kingdom, with some kind of association with the University of Kent, that began in 1999 (based on the copyright statement). Their technology is based on a 'formal mathematical model of computing' call CSP. In the description of JCSP, 'channel' creation is categorized as one2one, any2one, one2any and any2any.

    The enabling technology deals with (computer) process level communication, not at business level of communication. CSP (Communicating Sequential Process) is a classical concept by C.A.R. Hoare (CACM 21-8, Aug 1978, 666-677).
  • Another reference to 'any2any' was in a presentation in 2002 about the misplaced passion of the Web, and among other issues, that firewalls achieved only of compartmentalizing trust relationships (inside company and the outside world) but not "end-to-end any-to-any trust relationships across boundaries." Yet, it was concluded that 'any2any trust models will emerge." In this IBM-related presentation, the push is towards e-Business on demand with grip computing - the OGSA (Open Grid Services Architecture) - an article written in Augus 2003, and update October 2003, "A Visual Tour of Open Grid Services Architecture" can be viewed at or here. OGSA is under the corresponding working group in Global Grid Forum.
  • There are other minor, not relevant to our discussion here, references to the term any2any. For example, the 'any2any utilities' that link up Windows and X-Windows (see
Subject Matters

The applicability of the any2any concept covers, in our opinion, many industries and individual disciplines. We term these collectively as subjects or subject matters. There are three areas that we are quite interested in, namely, the hospitality industry, the logistics industry, and the education community - mathematics as a start. We will briefly describe the last two for now.

Logistics Industry and Supply Chains

Collaborative multi-modal logistcs services are not uncommon in the logistics required by global trade. Coordination and Cooperation among these services are often managed by an experienced forwarder, or a 4th party (4PL) entity. A 4PL service provider leverages the knowledge of 3rd party logistics (3PL) services providers, single-mode transport handlers, customs, regulatory agents and inspection agents to effect the logistics requirements crossing company and country boundaries. We envision such entity could exist in the electronic environment as an e-Platform, or a 4th party logistics e-Plaform, where e-logistics services are managed. This e-Platform must be able to support:

  • the on-demand formation of e-logistics integrator based on ad hoc collaborative logistics services - all information flow effecting collaboration is online, Web-based and Internet-enabled, and,
  • the validating and verifiable tracking, and end-to-end entity-based tracing of physical and finance flow.

Mathematics Education

This research addresses the need for a comprehensive Web-based environment where mathematics education can be enhanced. Mathematics education has felt the advent of information technology, especially the Web technology for dissemination and sharing of information in a group learning environment. The synergy between mathematics and technology is well documented, with both pros and cons. In here, we take on the view that the synergy is positive and can be non-disruptive as far as the introduction of technology into mathematics teaching, learning, exploring and assessment. Yet, there are barriers identified clearly since the manipulation of mathematics was not paramount in the continued development of the Web. Much of the energy is geared towards the business world. In here, we details the basic requirements to achieve author-once-learn-anywhere (AOLA) delivery for mathematics education. The e-Learning framework will be developed to guide the development of a cyber mathematics community (CMC) where AOLA can be benefited by teachers all over the world. Thus, in this report, we have three major parts:
  1. AOLA in Mathematics Education Traditional mathematics education commonly deliver lessons in paper and pencils, each example has to be constructed and experimenting with examples by students is restricted and slow. The capability for teachers to author a lesson activity that can be used anywhere yet provided the learning aspects for students would be desirable. In this part, we will provide the background what AOLA can offer and what is required to reach that particular stage and the technical barriers exist and innovation needed.
  2. The Technology Landscape for AOLA In this part, a survey on current and emerging technologies will be provided, based on the needs of an AOLA e-Learning Framework.
  3. The Cyber Environment for AOLA The third installment will conclude the necessary and sufficient environment for mathematics educators to rip the benefits identified in the framework. This is due to the fact that we can harness the power of the Internet to enhance the learning process in mathematics education, creating a new dimension in the learning process that we have to deal with.

Technology Focus

Technology that is vital for our technical consideration consists of the following initial findings:

  • Java

    The technology focus on Java is a simple choice of availability and manageability. Further to that is the reason that our company strategy targets enterprise mobility. The J2EE and J2ME platform seems, given what we do not know much about other available platforms such as the .NET framework, to fit our development needs. The enabling technology behind our development thus relies heavily on Java technology, with other supporting technoologies such as Perl, HTML, Javascript, MySQL (to be acquired by Sun Microsystems news), and ASP.

  • XML

    XML technology has proliferated into many industries. The core technology such as XSLT, Xlink, and XSchema remains key to different application. We focus on enterprise applications that are mobility-aware no doubt requires interoperability within enterprise's individual applications, across companies and industries. XML provides the baseline for information exchange - a syntactic definition familiar to common HTML junkies, and to SGML old timers. Its extensibility attracts creativity that no existing information standards can compete with.

  • Wireless Communication

    The inherent need of any2any communication cannot exclude the ability of any participant to effect a communication channel anytime anywhere.

    Communication with wireless technologies is becoming an important element in business management. As e-Business is taking hold in the business communities, management on demand at anywhere anytime is a necessity more than just as a added convenience. In here, we view wireless communication in terms of these anylinks (new word): person-to-person (or peer-to-peer), person-to-machine and machine-to-person, and machine-to-machine. For machine-to-machine, WLAN will be the main focus, of it development rather than applications development. For other three anylinks, we will concentrate on the communication via the mobile network, with possible WLANs behind to further enhance the delivery of information to machines, and vice versa.

    Mobile Technologies and WLAN Technologies are the two key areas of concern for us at this time.

In sum, you will find how these technologies fit into our development of any2any applications. As for the ePlatform infrastructure, we are considering the discussion on cyberinfrastructure cyber infrastructure.

Contact us in Hong Kong at +852 9532-5959 or at Skype 'any2any'
 Contact Us | Privacy Policy | About Us | Usage Agreement
 2004-2008 © Copyright by Any2Any Technologies, Ltd.   All Rights Reserved.     
Any2Any Help Last Update : (HongKong Time)
Staff Only | Bibliography | Publications | Research